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Acute Kidney Injury Linked to Higher Risk of Dementia

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is linked with a higher risk of developing dementia, according to a study that was presented at the American Society of Nephrology's Kidney Week 2018 at the San Diego Convention Center.

AKI, an abrupt decline in kidney function, often arises after major surgeries or severe infections, and it is associated with long-term health problems including the development of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. AKI is also associated with acute neurologic complications, but the long-term consequences of AKI on brain health are unclear.

To study the issue, Jessica Kendrick, MD, of the University of Colorado School of Medicine, and her colleagues analyzed information on 2,082 patients without a prior history of dementia from an integrated health care delivery system in Utah. Patients had a hospital admission between 1999 and 2009.

During a median follow-up time of 5.8 years, 97 patients developed dementia. More patients with AKI developed dementia (7% vs 2.3%), and patients with AKI had more than a three-fold higher risk of developing dementia compared with those without AKI.

"AKI, even with complete renal recovery, is associated with an increased risk of dementia," Kendrick says. "Further studies are needed to determine the long-term cognitive consequences of AKI."

Source: American Society of Nephrology